EMMA: Distributed QoS-Aware MQTT Middleware for Edge Computing Applications

Publish–subscribe middleware is a popular technology for facilitating device-to-device communicationin large-scale distributed Internet of Things (IoT) scenarios. However, the stringent quality of service (QoS) requirements imposed by many applications cannot be met by cloud-based solutions alone. Edge computing is considered a key enabler for such applications. Client mobility and dynamic resource availability are prominent challenges in edge computing architectures. In this paper, we present EMMA, an edge-enabled publish–subscribe middleware that addresses these challenges. EMMA continuously monitors network QoS and orchestrates a network of MQTT protocol brokers. It transparently migrates MQTT clients to brokers in close proximity to optimize QoS. Experiments in a real-world testbed show that EMMA can significantly reduce end-to-end latencies that incur from network link usage, even in the face of client mobility and unpredictable resource availability.

Presented: Presented: 2018 IEEE International Conference on Cloud Engineering (IC2E’18), April 2018, Orlando, FL, US
Source code: https://git.dsg.tuwien.ac.at/emma/emma
Paper: http://www.infosys.tuwien.ac.at/staff/trausch/pub/PID5190461.pdf